Lenin on ‘Socialism in One Country’

” …the victory of socialism in one country does not at one stroke eliminate all war in general. On the contrary, it presupposes wars. The development of capitalism proceeds extremely unevenly in different countries. It cannot be otherwise under commodity production. From this it follows irrefutably that socialism cannot achieve victory simultaneously in all countries. It will achieve victory first in one or several countries, while the others will for some time remain bourgeois or pre-bourgeois. This is bound to create not only friction, but a direct attempt on the part of the bourgeoisie of other countries to crush the socialist state’s victorious proletariat. In such cases a war on our part would be a legitimate and just war. It would be a war for socialism, for the liberation of other nations from the bourgeoisie. Engels was perfectly right when, in his letter to Kautsky of September 12, 1882, he clearly stated that it was possible for already victorious socialism to wage “defensive wars”. ”

V. I. Lenin (1917)

Source: V. I. Lenin, Collected Works (Vol 23), Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1964

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One thought on “Lenin on ‘Socialism in One Country’

  1. Trots will continue to denounce Lenin and Stalin but the revolution will continue its course as per its ‘convenience’, that is, as per the readiness of the working class and its leaders, as per the eruption of contradiction in imperialism at a particular time and place, as per the correct strategy and tactics of the revolutionary leaders and the weakness and stupidity of capitalist strategists!
    If revolution erupts in larger portion of the world or even in the entire world, we will be more than happy, but not going to wait for that ‘imaginary’ situation!

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