An American Journalist on Stalin’s “purges”

“Stalin has been widely attacked by political adversaries, Russian and foreign, as a cruel and heartless man, but in point of fact he was remarkably long-suffering in his treatment of the various oppositions. This statement may sound surprising, but it is true, as the record shows. The Kremlin’s struggle with Oppositionists began before Lenin s death, and again and again one or another of the Opposition leaders admitted his faults and beat his breast and cried “Mea maxima culpa,” and the Kremlin forgave him. I say this is all on record, whatever the Trotskyists may claim.”

Walter Duranty – The Pulitzer Prize winning Anglo-American journalist.

Source: Duranty, Walter (1941), “The Kremlin and the People”, Reynal & Hitchcock, Inc., New York.

walter and stalin

Lenin on ‘Socialism in One Country’

” …the victory of socialism in one country does not at one stroke eliminate all war in general. On the contrary, it presupposes wars. The development of capitalism proceeds extremely unevenly in different countries. It cannot be otherwise under commodity production. From this it follows irrefutably that socialism cannot achieve victory simultaneously in all countries. It will achieve victory first in one or several countries, while the others will for some time remain bourgeois or pre-bourgeois. This is bound to create not only friction, but a direct attempt on the part of the bourgeoisie of other countries to crush the socialist state’s victorious proletariat. In such cases a war on our part would be a legitimate and just war. It would be a war for socialism, for the liberation of other nations from the bourgeoisie. Engels was perfectly right when, in his letter to Kautsky of September 12, 1882, he clearly stated that it was possible for already victorious socialism to wage “defensive wars”. ”

V. I. Lenin (1917)

Source: V. I. Lenin, Collected Works (Vol 23), Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1964

lenin

Albert Einstein on Lenin

“In Lenin I honor a man, who in total sacrifice of his own person has committed his entire energy to realizing social justice. I do not find his methods advisable. One thing is certain, however: men like him are the guardians and renewers [Erneuerer] of mankind’s conscience.”

Sir Albert Einstein (1929), the Nobel Laureate Physicist.

Source: “On the Fifth Anniversary of Lenin’s Death, 6 January 1929″. Einstein on Politics… Princeton University Press (2007).

Einstein on Lenin

Raul Castro on Stalin

“I was accompanying the Cuban delegation led by Defense Minister Raul Castro…The whole delegation was in a good mood when we were returning from Litomerice. I was in a car with Raul Castro and Luis Martino. During the ride, we exchanged opinions on some international and party issues…they said they made their own assessment of J.V. Stalin’s work because he was a great fighter against imperialism. I told them that the CPSU, cde. Khrushchev or our party never said that imperialism would be any different than before, or that it was not necessary to fight against it. I emphasized that we fully support the position of the CPSU and the Moscow Declaration.”

Sejna, Jan  (September 07, 1960)

Source: Documents Regarding Cuban Defense Minister Raúl Castro’s Visit to Czechoslovakia, June-July 1960 as published by the Wilson Centre, US in Fall 2012.

Raul Castro on Stalin

Bernard Shaw on Stalin

“Stalin is mischievously and dangerously underrated by us. At present we are either reviling him as a bloodstained monster whose sole occupation and delight is the shooting of his political opponents, or assuming that his diplomacy, like that of our own Foreign Office, is concerned solely with the ambitions, rivalries and cupidities of the seventeenth and eighteenth century dynasties…

… I am acutely aware of the risk of praising a statesman before he is dead; but the extent to which we are duping and doping ourselves by reckless abuse of Stalin … is too dangerous to be let pass.”

GEORGE BERNARD SHAW (1941), The Nobel Laureate.

Source: A Letter of Bernard Shaw appeared in New Statesman on May 31, 1941 as cited in “Shaw on Stalin” (a pamphlet), The Russia Today Society, London, June 1941.

shaw on st

Stalin on Islam

“We are told that among the Daghestan peoples the Sharia is of great importance. We have also been informed that the enemies of Soviet power are spreading rumours that it has banned the Sharia.

I have been authorized by the Government of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic to state here that these rumours are false. The Government of Russia gives every people the full right to govern itself on the basis of its laws and customs.

The Soviet Government considers that the Sharia, as common law, is as fully authorized as that of any other of the peoples inhabiting Russia.

If the Daghestan people desire to preserve their laws and customs, they should be preserved”

J. V. STALIN (1920)                                                                                                                                                      Source: Congress of the Peoples of Daghestan (November 13, 1920), Works, Vol. 4.

“You [Albanians] are a separate people, just like the Persians and the Arabs, who have the same religion as the Turks. Your ancestors existed before the Romans and the Turks. Religion has nothing to do with nationality and statehood… Nevertheless, the question of religious beliefs must be kept well in mind, must be handled with great care, because the religious feelings of the people must not be offended. These feelings have been cultivated in the people for many centuries, and great patience is called for on this question, because the stand towards it is important for the compactness and unity of the people.”

J. V. Stalin (1949)                                                                                                                                                         Source: Enver Hoxha, Memoirs from my Meetings with Stalin, Second Meeting (March-April 1949), “8 Nentori” Publishing House, Tirana, Albania, 1981. Retrieved from MIA.

Stalin in Mulsim Dress